The institutions of Panchayati Raj in the rural areas and Nagarpalikas in the towns and cities represent local self-government and real decentralisation of power. They proudly represent the grass roots of India's democratic governance.
Panchayats in every state has its own characteristics and even election procedures to these institutions are at variance.
A District Panchayat or Zilla Parishad is co terminus with the district. Each district has one Zilla Parishad. Similarly Block Panchayats or Panchayat Samitis are co terminus with blocks of the said district.
A Block may have several villages within it, but Gram Panchayats are not necessarily co terminus with each village. Depending on the size of population as a matter of fact, number of voters a Gram is defined under the law with a specific geographical area, which may consist of a single village or a cluster of adjoining villages.
Presidents of all the Block Panchayats are also ex-officio members of the ZP. Block Panchayat or Panchayat Samiti: GP pradhans are ex-officio members of the Block Panchayats.
A Gram as defined under the Act meaning a village or a cluster of villages is divided into a minimum of five constituencies again depending on the number of voters the Gram is having. From each of these constituencies one member is elected. Body of these elected members is called the Gram Panchayat.
Size of the GPs varies widely from state to state.
In states like West Bengal, Kerala etc. In most of the states, each constituency of the members of the Gram Panchayat is called the Gram Sabha and all the voters of the same constituency are members of this body.
In West Bengal it is called Gram Sansad village parliament. Gram Sabha in West Bengal has a different meaning. Here all the voters of the Gram Panchayat as a whole constitute the Gram Sabha.
Under the Constitution there can be only three tiers of the Panchayat.
The Gram Sabha is not a tier of the PR system. It does not have any executive function and operates as a recommending body only. Gram Sabhas hold meetings normally 2 to 4 times a year, but can meet as and when necessary. In some states dates of these meetings are fixed Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat etc.
Issues to be discussed in the meetings can be wide ranging but the essential agenda should include: The diagram at the end of the note demonstrates the typical structure of the rural local governance system in India, taking the example of West Bengal.
Functioning of Panchayats As per the Constitution, Panchayats in their respective areas would prepare plans for economic development and social justice and also execute them.
One of the members remains in charge of each of such committees while the over-all charge rests with the chairperson of the Panchayat. Panchayats are supported by a host of other of officials, the number of which varies from state to state.
They can also raise revenue by imposing taxes, fees, penalties etc.
This is called Gram Sansad village parliament. All the Panchayat Samitis within the geographical limit of a district come under the said District Panchayat or Zilla Parishad. · Disaster Management –The Role of Local Self Government and the Community Participation in Kerala Role of Panchayati Raj bodies in Disaster Management- General Perspectives Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in Post Tsunami Rehabilitation and Reconstruction in Kerala- An Analysis Role of Panchayats in Disaster webkandii.com · Modern Research Studies: Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in Rural Development: The Study of a Tribal Village in Arunachal Pradesh TAME RAMYA Doctoral Research Scholar Department of Anthropology Rajiv Gandhi University Arunachal Pradesh, India.
Abstract: Overall development of country is the main objective of webkandii.com Panchayat Raj: Its effect on Economical Development in Rural India 5 II. Major milestones achieved by Panchayati Raj System at the grassroots level development in rural part of the India The Panchayati Raj Institutions in India are competing 55 years since its webkandii.com Panchayati Raj Institution in India: Prospects And Retrospections Geeta And Sanjay Mishra Panchayati Raj Institution in India: Prospects And Retrospections of panchayati raj institutions in this state has affected the life of the rural masses and they have realized a sense.
Role of Panchayati Raj Institutions in the Assessment and Identification of Disability Words Dec 3rd, 7 Pages ROLE OF PANCHAYATI RAJ INSTITUTIONS IN THE IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE SPECIAL NEED CHILDREN.
The modern panchayati raj of India and its gram panchayats are not to be confused with either the traditional system nor with the extra-constitutional khap panchayats (or caste panchayats) found in parts of northern India.